Dumped chemical weapons in Baltic

At least 50 000 tons of chemical weapons (CW) were dumped In the Baltic Sea after World War II. The most important dumpsites in the Baltic are located (Helcom 1994).
  • in the Bornholm Basin,
  • in the Southern Gotland Basin, and
  • in the eastern Skagerrak.
 

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The research proposed in the MERCW project carries out focused research and technology developments on the Bornholm dumpsite.

The problem posed by sea-dumped chemical weapons deserves considerable international attention. The toxic warfare was often dumped in relatively shallow waters and areas of active fishing - in close proximity to densely populated coastlines, with no consideration of the long-term consequences. The corrosion of the containers and shells is generally progressing fast, and major quantities of chemical agents will leak into the marine environment in the near future (Stock, T. et al.1997, A.V. Kaffka (ed.) 1996).

The MERCW project

The research proposed in the MERCW project carries out focused research and technology developments on the Bornholm dumpsite. The aim is to model the transport pathways and migration spreading of toxic agents in marine sediments and the marine environment. The final goal is to assess the ecological safety for the ecosystem and people of the coastal states near the dumpsite.

Photos: Shirshov Institute of Oceanology (2006)

 
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